N-400 Government and English Test

In general, a naturalization applicant must demonstrate an understanding of the English language, including an ability to read, write, and speak words in ordinary usage. An applicant must also demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of the history and principles and form of government of the United State (civics). These are the English and civics requirements for naturalization – (See NA 31. See CFR 31.)

To demonstrate your understanding of the English language and the fundamentals of the United States, you will be tested on the following parts:

  • English: Your understanding of English will be tested in multiple ways.
  • Reading: To test your ability to read in English, you must read one sentence, out of three sentences, in a manner suggesting to the USCIS officer that you understand the meaning of the sentence. Example Reading Vocabulary.
  • Writing: To test your ability to write in English, you must write one sentence, out of three sentences, in a manner that would be understandable as written to the USCIS officer.  Example Writing Vocabulary.
  • Speaking: Your ability to speak English is determined by your answers to questions normally asked by USCIS officers during the naturalization eligibility interview on Form N-400.
  • Note: It is also important to be able to conduct small talk with the officer throughout the interview.

Civics: During your interview, the USCIS officer will ask you to orally answer a set of civics questions. You must answer six (6) out of 10 civics questions correctly to achieve a passing score. There are 100 set questions which are available for your convenience. They are also available in Spanish and Chinese.  You may look at USCIS provided study materials.

At Tsang and Associates, we understand the difficulty this test presents, especially for applicants whose first language is not English. For this reason, we provide many resources (see menu on left), as does the USCIS, to help prepare you for the naturalization test. Read more in our Success Stories.